Dehydroepiandrosterone supplementation improves predictive markers for diminished ovarian reserve: serum AMH, inhibin B and antral follicle count
To evaluate the effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation on ovarian reserve by measuring markers such as antral follicle count, serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin B in patients with diminished ovarian reserve.
This prospective study was undertaken at Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women’s Health Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Forty-one patients with diminished ovarian reserve were included in the study and received supplementation with DHEA 25mg, t.i.d., for at least 6 weeks. Serum AMH, inhibin B, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and oestradiol, and antral follicle count were determined before and after DHEA supplementation. Baseline ovarian reserve parameters such as antral follicle count, FSH, oestradiol, AMH, inhibin B, clinical and laboratory IVF outcomes, and pregnancy rates were studied.
There were significant differences in day 3 FSH, oestradiol, antral follicle count, AMH and inhibin B levels before and after DHEA supplementation in all patients (p=0.001, 0.001, 0.002, 0.001 and 0.001, respectively). The study population was divided into two age groups (<35 and ≥35 years) to determine whether there was a difference in the effect of DHEA supplementation between younger and older patients with diminished ovarian reserve. Significant differences were found in all of the parameters in both study groups (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS DHEA supplementation is an effective option for patients with diminished ovarian reserve. Prior to assisted reproductive technology, patients with diminished ovarian reserve should be offered DHEA supplementation as an alternative to oocyte donation.